The Manchester Archaeometry Program

This website contains an archive of data generated by the archaeometry program at the University of Manchester in the United Kingdom between 1970 and 2000. Much of the data was concerns pottery from the Meditterranean, Middle-East, Western Europe, and Northern Africa. The data was provided to the Archaeometry Laboratory at the Missouri University Research Reactor in 2005 by the late Dr. G.W.A. Newton, former director of the archaeometry program at Manchester. It was Dr. Newton's hope that this data would be made freely available to archaeologists and archaeometrists worldwide.

[Student worker weighing out samples for NAA]

Dr. G.W.A. Newton, former director of the archaeometry program at University of Manchester.

A summary of the work conducted at Manchester appears in volume 49 of Archaeometry, the abstract and citation the following article:

Newton, G.W.A.
2007   INAA of Archaeological Samples at the University of Manchester. Archaeometry 49(2): 289-299.

"INAA at Manchester began almost by chance and amid scepticism with a request for help from the University Department of Archaeology in the early 1970s. Over the years the method of selecting pottery to be sampled was refined from the simple assumption that sherds found at a site were typical of those made there to a greater focus on kiln sites and wasters. An important element in the Manchester's approach was that this was a teaching department: in the quarter-century that the lab practised INAA over 6,000 samples were analysed in a wide range of projects by post-doctoral researchers, Ph.D. students and even final-year undergraduates. Although there were sometimes problems of comprehension on both sides, close collaboration with archaeologists encouraged methodological comparisons, and often INAA was seen as an additional weapon in the archaeologists' arsenal as much as a developing scientific technique. The University's place as the inventor of the computer encouraged the development of statistical programs, which in turn facilitated ready collaboration and exchange of information with other labs such as those at Bonn and Berkeley."

Description of the Manchester NAA Data

The data available here are drawn from analyses of ceramic artifacts from Austria, Bohemia (Czech Republic), Britain, Crete, Cyprus, Egypt, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iraq, Italy, the Levant, the Mediterranean, Moravia (Czech Republic), North Africa, Spain, Turkey, and several shipwrecks in the Mediterranean.

This page was created and is maintained by Matthew T. Boulanger of the MURR Archaeometry Laboratory, with assistance from Dr. Jonathon Tomlinson and Dr. A.J.N.W. Prag, Robert J. Speakman, and Dr. Michael D. Glascock. Special thanks are extended to Drs. Tomlinson and Prag for their much-needed assistance in compiling and arranging these data. All errors, technical problems, and comments may be directed to the webmaster.

Please reference original publications and this website if you use this data.

Country/Region # of Sherds Era Comment Analyst Archaeologist Publication Download Dataset
Austria 245 2 Bell Beaker F. Rehman (Ph.D.) S. Shennan Rehman 1989
Rehman et al. 1991
ac245.per
Bohemia 122 2 Bell Beaker F. Rehman (Ph.D.) S. Shennan Rehman 1989
Rehman et al. 1991
Rehman et al. 1992
b122.per
Britain 345 6 Local Wares B. J. Colston (Ph.D.) I. Freestone Colston 1989 briasalb.bcc
briastlb.bcc
40 6 Roman Amphorae R. J. Taylor (Ph.D.) D. Peacock Taylor 1993 ukam.dat
Crete 80 3 Chania J. E. Tomlinson (Ph.D.)
E. B. Fahy (project)
E. B. French Tomlinson 1991
Tomlinson & Robinson in prep.
chania.dat
42 3, 5 Knossos knossos.dat
174 3 Kommos, local and imports kommos.dat
8 3 Mallia mallia.dat
25 2–3 Palaikastro palaikas.dat
93 1–3 Pseira, local and imports pseira.dat
69 3 Imports to Kommos S. M. A. Hoffmann J. B. Rutter Tomlinson et al., in prep. kommos80.dat
Cyprus 11 4 Black on Red H. Al-Tawel (Ph.D.) J. Matthers Al-Tawel 1979
Matthers et al. 1983
lvphbrjm.hat
894 2–3 Mainly Local, Mixed Wares N. D. Bryan (project)
S. M. A. Hoffmann
E. B. French
L. Steel
Bryan et al. 1997 cyprus.dat
cyp888.dat
45 1–3 Grey Wares greyware.dat
Egypt 55 3 Mainly Local Wares J. Desmond (project) A. R. David Desmond et al. 1986 egxxnard.ird
320 2–8 Local Wares O. A. F. Al-Dayel (Ph.D.) J. Bourriau
P. Nicholson
Al-Dayel 1995
Bourriau 1998
Bourriau et al., 2000
Bourriau 2004
Bourriau et al. 2004
Bourriau et al. 2006
omar.dat
270 3 Canaanite Jars
356 1–5 Local Wares A. B. Bellido (Ph.D.) J. Bourriau
P. Nicholson
Bellido 1989
Bourriau 1998
Bourriau et al., 2000
Bourriau 2004
Bourriau et al. 2004
Bourriau et al. 2006
egmcmcjb.abb
4 3 Aegean Imports J. E. Tomlinson E. B. French French & Tomlinson 2004 memphis.dat
Germany 53 2 Bell Beaker F. Rehman (Ph.D.) S. Shennan Rehman 1989
Rehman et al. 1991
bv53.per
Greece 66 5 Corinthian Ware M. O. Oladipo (Ph.D.) I. Whitbread Oladipo 1987 grclmciw.moo
102 2–3 Mixed Fabrics
Mycenae
Tiryns
Berbati
Asine
R. Scourtelli (M.Sc.) E. B. French Scourtelli 1983
French 1991
Tomlinson 1995
Tomlinson 1996
Tomlinson forthcoming
mycenae.dat
119 3 Mycenae stirrup jars R. Scourtelli (M.Sc.) E. B. French Scourtelli 1983
French1991
Tomlinson 1995 Tomlinson 1996 Tomlinson forthcoming
mycsj.dat
18 3 Mycenae conical cups J. E. Tomlinson E. B. French
M. Wiener
French & Tomlinson 1999 conical.dat
81 3 Menelaion local fabrics J. E. Tomlinson H. W. Catling Jones & Tomlinson forthcoming menelaio.dat
3 3 Menelaion barbarian ware J. A. Scott (project) H. W. Catling Scott n.d. ** apmene.dat
13 3 Gla local wares J. E. Tomlinson E. B. French Tomlinson 1998
Tomlinson 2000
gla.dat
57 2–3 Tsoungiza Local and Aegina Wares A. Mallaburn (project) J. B. Rutter   tsoungiz.dat
708 4–5 Mainly Black Glaze
Akraiphnion
Argos
Argive Heraion
Asine
Athens
Berbati
Chalkis
Corinth
Elis
Eretria
Halieis
Mycenae
Nemea
Olympia
Perachora
Sparta
Tanagra
Thebes
Tiryns
Zygouries
J. A. Scott (Ph.D.) A. J. N. W. Prag Scott 1994
Prag et al., in prep.
amcor.dat
ascam.dat
athens.dat
bgcam.con
bgtrip.com
bgware.com
bmah.con
thebes.con
uppsala.con
41 6–7 Megalopolis kiln sample V. J. Robinson A. J. N. W. Prag Prag 1985
Prag 1997
meg34001.dat
Hungary 17 2 Bell Beaker F. Rehman (Ph.D.) S. Shennan Rehman 1989
Rehman et al. 1991
Rehman et al. 1992
h17.per
Iraq 72 2 Khabar ware, etc. G. W. A. Newton     iraq.dat
Italy 54 5 Black Glaze B. J. Colston (Project) A. J. N. W. Prag Prag 1997 itclbgjp.bcc
40 6 AfricanRed Slip R. J. Taylor (Ph.D.) D. Peacock Taylor 1993 ssve.dat
Levant 146 1 Local Wares G. W. A. Newton K. Prag Matthers et al., 1983 jordan.dat
47 4 Black on Red H. Al-Tawel (Ph.D.) J. Matthers Al-Tawel 1979
Matthers et al., 1983
lvphbrjm.hat
33 1–2, 8 Iktanu pots and clays S. M. A. Hoffmann K. Prag Newton & Prag 1995 ik185.dat
3 3 Aegean imports J. E. Tomlinson E. B. French French & Tomlinson 2004
Tomlinson 2004
eastern.dat
25 3 Sinai samples E. B. Fahy (project) sinai.dat
28 3 Imports to Lachish J. E. Tomlinson lachish.dat 
27 1–3 Grey Wares N. D. Bryan (Project) E. B. French Bryan n.d. **
Mommsen & Pavúk 2007
greyware.dat
48 3 Canaanite Jars O. A. F. Al-Dayel (Ph.D.) J. Bourriau Al-Dayel 1995
Bourriau 1998
omar.dat
30 5 Black Glaze
Lachish
Iktanu
D. J. Liddy (M. Sc.) S. R. Wolff Liddy 1981
Wolff et al., 1986
mdclbgsw.djl
Mediterranean 205 6–7 Coarse Ware/Amphorae J. W. Krywonos (Ph.D.) J. A. Riley
D. Peacock
Krywonos 1976
Krywonos 1978
Krywonos et al., 1980
Krywonos et al., 1982
mdrocwjr.jwk
82 5 Black Glaze D. J. Liddy (M.Sc.) S. R. Wolff Liddy 1981
Wolff et al., 1986
mdclbgsw.djl
Moravia 107 2 Bell Beaker F. Rehman (Ph.D.) S. Shennan Rehman 1989
Rehman et al. 1991
Rehman et al. 1992
m107.per
North Africa 552 6 African Red Slip and Roman Amphorae
Bir Abbad
Carthage
El Hri
El Mahrine
El Maklouba
El Mokaida
Henchir El Chekaf
Leptis Minor
Oudna
Pheradi Maius
Ras Aied
Salakta
Sidi Marzouk Tounsi
Various other Central Tunisian Sites
R. J. Taylor (Ph.D.) D. Peacock Peacock 1970
Al-Tawel 1979
Peacock et al., 1990
Taylor 1993
Taylor & Robinson 1996a
Taylor & Robinson 1996b
birabd.dat
carthage.dat
elala.dat
hrchekaf.dat
leptis.dat
mahrine1.dat
maklouba.dat
mokaida.dat
oudna.dat
pheradi.dat
rasaied.dat
skviron.dat
multiple.dat
centunam.dat
312 6 Roman Amphorae, Various Sites D. J. Liddy (Ph.D.) D. Peacock Liddy 1985 nafrican.ref
Spain 87 6 Amphorae A. B. Bellido (Project) D. Peacock   spiaamdp.abb
Turkey 70 1–3 Grey Ware N. D. Bryan (Project) E. B. French
A. J. N. W. Prag
Bryan n.d. **
Mommsen & Pavúk 2007
greyware.dat
Shipwrecks 4 3 Kas, Cape Gelidonya J. E. Tomlinson E. B. French French & Tomlinson 2004 eastern.dat
211 6 Plemmirio R. J. Taylor (Ph.D.) D. Gibbons Liddy 1985
Taylor 1993
Taylor et al., 1997
nafrican.ref
plemmult.dat
sicily.dat
13 5 Black Glaze from Dattilo Wreck J. A. Scott (Project) A. J. N. W. Prag Prag 1997 datillo.con
Era Code Approx. Date Range General Time Frame
1 Before 2000 B.C. Prehistoric
2 2000–1500 B.C. Middle Bronze Age
3 1500–1100 B.C. Late Bronze Age
4 1100–700 B.C. Early Iron Age
5 700–200 B.C. Late Iron Age
6 200 B.C.–A.D. 400 Roman
7 A.D. 400–1600 Islamic/Medieval
8 A.D. 1600–Present Modern

 

University of Manchester Archaeometry Software Programs

All Software is Offered As Is. No Technical Support is Offered.

Recent research reported by the Archaeometry Lab at MURR after June 2011 is based on support by the National Science Foundation under our current grant number 1110793. Earlier research was supported by several NSF grants, including the following numbers: 8801707, 9102016, 9503035, 9802366, 9977237, 0102325, 0405042, 0504015, 0802757, 0922374, and 0802757. Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

Last Updated on March 16, 2012
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