The Archaeometry Laboratory respects intellectual property and acknowledgment of individuals’ contributions towards scientific research, and encourages dissemination and sharing of primary-source data with the broader scientific community. Our position on data-sharing is in-line with obligations laid out by the Society for American Archaeology’s Principles of Archaeological Ethics, the Register of Professional Archaeologists’ Code of Conduct, and the Archaeological Institute of America's Code of Professional Standards. That is, that archaeologists are stewards of the archaeological record and have an ethical obligation to make their data available to other scholars within a reasonable time period. The data management and sharing plan outlined here is intended to emphasize the importance of these ethical obligations and to meet requirements of major funding entities such as the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH).
Data Management and Use
Geochemical research of archaeological materials benefits greatly from the existence of comparative databases. Therefore, data generated at the Archaeometry Laboratory are retained by the laboratory and are available for comparative use in future projects at the discretion of the laboratory staff. Any use of data by the laboratory will fully acknowledge the source and contributor of these data. Should a situation arise in which a contributor’s unpublished data are to be used in a significant manner in a journal or book publication, this contributor will be viewed as a collaborator on the overall project. If this contributor declines the role as collaborator, use of these data will follow the Data Sharing guidelines below. In all cases, the role of the contributor will be fully acknowledged and the source of these data will be given.
We offer data hosting services for compositional data, both archaeological and geological, at no additional charge for all of our clients in order to make these data available to the broader scientific community. Our policy on data-sharing is as follows:
Investigators submitting projects at our Standard Rate (i.e., those not participating in our NSF-subsidy program) are strongly encouraged to share, and/or allow us to share the results of their analyses following publication. With the consent of the Principal Investigator, compositional data from a project will be made available on our Web site’s data-sharing portal following a reasonable amount of time from the issuance of the technical report for a project. Typically, this equates to a period of no less than two years, or coinciding with publication of a professional document presenting the results and/or data from a project, whichever comes first. The Archaeometry Laboratory realizes that many research and compliance/regulatory projects extend for prolonged periods of time. As such, Principal Investigators have the option of specifying a suitable timeframe for posting of data at the outset of a project.
As an NSF-supported laboratory, and in accordance with NSF requirements for dissemination and sharing of results (AAG VI.D.4) and data management plans (GPG II.C.2.j), the Archaeometry Laboratory carries an obligation to share and to maintain a formal data-management plan for data generated using NSF funding, including data generated by laboratory staff and by investigators participating in our collaborative NSF-subsidy program. Collaboration with the Archaeometry Laboratory under our NSF-subsidy program involves acceptance of a moving two-year window for public dissemination of results in a book, journal, Web resource, thesis, dissertation, or other document (either printed or on-line) accessible to the archaeological community. After two years following MURR’s issuance of a technical report detailing the analytical results of NSF-subsidized projects, the Archaeometry Laboratory will provide public access to these data via its data-download Web portal or similar data-sharing portal. If, at the end of the first period of two years, additional time is required by the Principal Investigator(s) for completion of an NSF-subsidized project, the Principal Investigator(s) may solicit an extension by submitting a short (one-page) progress report to the Archaeometry Laboratory for review by the NSF-subsidy program review committee. In the event that the committee finds that an investigator has made no progress towards completion of the project during the previous two-year window, the Archaeometry Laboratory reserves the post data generated under that project on-line.
Storage and Use of Archived Specimens
Archived specimens, unless explicitly requested to be destroyed or to be returned to the PI, will be maintained by the Archaeometry Laboratory and made available for future research. Archival specimens are viewed as data in this context, and are subject to identical policies for the compositional data as outlined above.